Human impact on the world has been very alarming, year after year the climatic conditions change significantly the ecosystems of our planet damaging the habitat of plants and animal species. Damaging like that in the short term, will affect us, our absurd desire for progress as a species promotes deforest felling, habitat destruction, negative impact of pesticides, intense carbon production, etc. A large part of the impact is carried out by the agrarian industry by breaking through with indiscriminate deforestation for pasture cultivation among other uses.
We know there are world leaders who support those practices, but there are also those who have a more responsible conscience and at the same time ecologists and technology are actively promoting solutions in several areas.
We want to introduce you to some of the sustainable agriculture practices that highlight and guarantee green and environmentally friendly growth of vegetables and plants:
Its goal is to end the effect of agrochemicals on ecosystems, lack of biodiversity and depleted and diseased soils through a perfect landscape design that mimics the patterns of nature’s ecosystems. It applies natural principles that combine intention, intelligent agriculture and design to reduce waste of resources and increase production efficiency.
The method involves alternating the types of plants grown in the same place with the intention of reducing the chances of contracting plant and vegetable diseases by diversifying crops on a land surface alternating cycles that are usually linked to the seasons. Practices can also reduce the amount of pesticides and chemical fertilizers required.
Aquaponics and Hydroponics
Aquaponics and hydroponics are aimed at the combined and sustainable production of plants and animals, making efficient use of resources through innovative cultivation methods that involve the growth of plants without soil, feeding plants with nutrients that are transported by water. Water that contains nutrients resulting from the mineralization of fish waste feeds the roots of plants and vegetables that can grow in various environments. The water is purified by the plants and returns to the hydroponic section of the system allowing to reduce the discharges of wastewater to the environment.
Use of renewable energy resources
They are energy sources based on the use of natural resources: the sun, wind, water or plant or animal biomass. They are characterized by not using fossil fuels, but natural resources capable of unlimited renewal.
One of its strengths is that they have a very low environmental impact, because in addition to not using finite resources, they do not generate pollutants.
In agriculture it implies the use of these sources such as hydroelectric energy, solar energy or wind farms, which are respectful of the environment. Solar panels can be used to operate the pumping and heating systems. In addition, hydroelectric energy from river water can be used for various agricultural machines.
We know it as an integration of agriculture and forestry to increase the productivity or sustainability of the agricultural system. It includes a wide variety of land use systems that range from tree planting and management on agricultural land to agriculture on forest land without causing deforestation.
The system mimics the forest ecosystems found in nature and is designed to encompass multiple layers of food forests. This technique can double crop yields and significantly reduce the need for chemical fertilizers or pesticides.
On the other hand, the area of organic farming every day becomes an immense priority and takes force through sustainable and environmentally friendly agricultural crops, these practices can come to combat damage caused by deforestation. Floriculture is also reflecting more progress in favor of the soil and the environment by eliminating chemicals and pesticides that also affect people in local communities. With regard to this issue of pesticides and their use it is known to have an impact on water pollution and to avoid it on our farms, treatment systems and in some cases of zero pesticide residues are chosen.
Magnaflor supports only to the growers with eco-friendly procedures, flowers harvest with the less invasive ecosystem effects, while generating economic benefit to the habitants of the communities where the farms are located.
Credit: Vivian Bermeo